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How To Calm A Nervous or Anxious Dog

Does your dog dread trips to the vet, loud noises such as fireworks, or unexpected situations such as new visitors? Faced with a new, unusual or unfamiliar situation, it’s perfectly normal for your dog to be nervous, anxious or fearful!

But if you learn how to tell when your dog is nervous and understand why they feel afraid, you’ll be better able to calm them.

Why Is My Dog Nervous?

Just like humans, there are lots of reasons dogs can feel fearful. Sometimes all it takes is something new and unfamiliar to make them feel uncomfortable. Your pet’s personality, disposition, age, and general health will also impact how easily spooked they are.

A few common doggy anxiety triggers include:

  • Loud noises. Your dog has sensitive ears! Sounds such as fireworks, loud music and traffic may all be scary or surprising to them.
  • New people. Strangers can be scary too! Don’t be surprised if your dog is wary or nervous around new people.
  • Other animals. Not all dogs are super-social! Your pet needs time to adjust when meeting new furry friends.
  • Changes in their environment. Our pets like familiar, comforting, routine environments to feel safe. Any change in environment, from a new location, to decorating, to an unfamiliar floor surface could cause your dog to worry.
  • Car rides. While a ride in the car may seem fun, your dog may not understand what’s happening when they’re in the car and find the movement unsettling, particularly the first few times they join you for a ride!
  • Separation anxiety. Leaving your dog alone can make them feel anxious, especially if they are not used to it. Training and reassurance can help however, and there are lots of ways to minimise doggy discomfort when leaving them alone.
  • Age. Sometimes older dogs may experience a gradual loss of awareness, memory and perception known as cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS), which may make them anxious or confused.
  • Negative experiences. Though some dogs are naturally more anxious than others, often a bad past experience or association can create ongoing anxiety issues.

For many dogs, socialization training as a puppy (from 8 - 16 weeks, and again at 5-8 months) is the best way to prevent later anxieties and fears. Exposing your dog to a wide range of situations, people and experiences is a good way to calmly build their curiosity, rather than have them react fearfully to unfamiliar circumstances.

border collie lying down its owners


How Can I Calm A Nervous Dog?

Should I Help Comfort My Dog?

If your dog is nervous or afraid, you first reaction may be to comfort your pet.  Whether you should try to provide comfort to your dog depends on several factors. First, does it make your dog feel better or do they seem less nervous?  If your dog seems to feel better from you petting them or providing treats, then you should continue to comfort them. If it seems to make them more nervous or they won’t eat the treat, then stop or consider trying a tastier treat.  The best thing to do is to remove any environmental causes for your dog’s nervousness.

Learn to identify when your dog is nervous

The best way to help your dog is to learn to understand them! Learn to identify when they feel anxious and what triggers their fear. That way you can either help them to avoid scary situations or gradually train them to stay calm around unfamiliar or frightening things.

Seek professional help

Some very anxious pets may need additional help and support to relax. Speaking to your vet will allow you to rule out any health-related issues. If your dog is healthy, training with a qualified behavioral specialist can ease your pet’s anxieties, desensitize them and develop preventative strategies that will comfort your dog.

Try an ADAPTIL Calm Home Diffuser

Creating a relaxing home environment will ensure your dog feels safe and calm. ADAPTIL Calm Home Diffuser supports your dog and helps them stay calm in stressful situations such as when they are home alone or when you have visitors. This way, you can help to reassure your dog and provide constant comfort to them.


hand holding dog paws






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